Control Strategies for VSC-HVDC links in Weak AC Systems
Sammanfattning: In this master thesis control systems for a voltage-source converter HVDC connected to weak ac networks are investigated. HVDC stands for high voltage direct current and is a way to transfer power in the electrical power system. A HVDC uses direct current (dc) instead of alternate current (ac) to transfer power, which requires transformation between ac and dc since most power grids are ac networks. The HVDC uses converters to transform ac to dc and dc to ac and the converter requires a control system. A complete control system of a voltage source converter HVDC contains many different parts. The part investigated in this thesis is the active power control. Different structures containing PID controllers have been tested and evaluated with respect to stability and performance using control theory. The impact of weak ac networks has been evaluated in regards to the different control structures. The investigations have been conducted using mainly steady-state simulations. Based on the simulation and analyzes of the simulation results a promising control structure has been obtained and suggested for further investigation.
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