Hållbara inköp – Problematik och möjligheter : I samband med leverantör och kund
Sammanfattning: Much has been researched on CSR and its meaning. This also applies to the purchasing function and its work. However, not much research has been done on the practical application of CSR and its problems and opportunities. The purpose of this report is to analyze how these issues and opportunities appear in relation to actors as well as stakeholders, such as suppliers and customers. The report is based on previous theories, among which journal articles have been used and on the other hand has been based on own researches, which the authors have done in six Swedish firms. The purpose of the report is of interest, since CSR is a fuzzy terminology, not least in the purchasing function. Describing the problems and possibilities that exist when the purchasing function practically applies CSR in interaction with suppliers can be a step closer and contribute to more sustainability. A closer step towards sustainability and a greener future is something in more demand than ever. The report treats the theory of sustainability in the purchasing function. Thus, its building blocks appear economic, social and environmental aspects as well as the responsibilities that the concepts give rise to. The report's results indicate that there are different types of problems and opportunities. They are distinguished in such a way that they occur more or less to a large extent among the responding firms. A conclusion shows that firms and their purchasing function must work together and with close relationships with their suppliers as well as customers in order to promote sustainability. An isolated actor can’t work sustainably on its own and depends on its supply chain. Another conclusion indicates that there are problems with both supplier and customer. Mainly, comprehensive requirements are the problem that occurs most, which in turn creates problems with the purchasing function's interaction with the supplier. The problem with the supplier is primarily in the form of non-compliance, or availability of requested products and services. The report also shows how the six responding firms differ, but they also match the basis of the theoretical framework.
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