Hur auktoritära värderingar försvagar demokratin: Kopplingar mellan politisk kultur och demokratisk nedgång
Sammanfattning: According to most studies, the global democratic backsliding that started in 2006 cannot be linked to changes in the people's support for democracy. Instead, it is commonly asserted that political cultures around the world are heading in a more democratic direction. I challenge this claim. With combined data from the World Values Survey, the European Values Study, and Varieties of Democracy, I examine potential links between authoritarian changes in the political culture and the weakening of free and fair elections, separation of power, and civil rights. The analysis is based on strict Fixed Effects models examining developments within countries over time. My findings suggest that indeed, a more positive attitude towards authoritarian leaders, as well as reduced emancipative and secular values, can explain why the separation of power and civil rights has backslid in many countries. The results also imply that electoral quality is more resilient to these types of changes. These findings pose further questions about where and how political cultures are changing, as well as how future authoritarian developments may be countered.
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