Inrättandet av statliga kontrollmyndigheter : En kritisk diskursanalys av policydokument till inrättandet av Inspektionen för vård och omsorg & Statens skolinspektion
Sammanfattning: The purpose of this essay is to study the establishment of the Inspection for Health and Care and the National School Inspection. The intention is to identify policy document’s justification for the establishment of the inspections, as well as comparing the similarities and differences of the justification and explain the results through the theories “the public ethos” and “governance”. The policy documents are processed by Carol Bacchi’s critical discourse analysis “What ́s the problem represented to be?”.This method identifies the justifications of the inspections by analyzing the policies according to problems, cause and effect. The critical policy analysis permeates the structure and the phrasing of the questions in this study. The result of the analysis identifies the establishment of the inspections as the policy document’s solution. This is justified by the sectors inefficiency, lack of government control, a changed welfare and lacking supervision. The theories “the public ethos” and “governance” explain the establishment of the inspections as the state’s concept to govern in order to create a rational and effective administration. The Inspection for Health and Care emphasizes the private actors as the reason for the changed welfare, unlike the National School Inspection which only sees the change of welfare as a challenge. The study contributes to research and society’s understanding of the growth of Swedish inspection authorities in the public sector, as well as the public administrations differing approach to the entry of private actors into the welfare sector.
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