Effekten av kolhydratrik dryck på postoperativa välbefinnandet hos patienter som genomgår kirurgi med anestesi, en litteraturöversikt

Detta är en M1-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: Mouth dryness, hunger, thirst, pain, nausea and vomiting are common postoperative unpleasant experience that are connected to decrees patient’s wellbeing and increases risk for postoperative complications. Patients need to fast preoperative to minimize the risk for respiratory aspiration during anaesthesia. The fast can contribute to patients decreased feeling of well being and increase unnecessary suffering. In new guidelines preoperative carbohydrate rich drinks is described to minimize patients metabolic stress and increase patient’s postoperative wellbeing. Aim: The purpose of this study aims to compile current research about carbohydrate rich drinks effect on patients postoperative wellbeing when undergoing anaesthesia . Method: a litterateur review with descriptive design of eleven RCT- studies. Result: Mouth dryness, thirst and hunger were significantly lower in patients receiving preoperative carbohydrate rich drinks. The effect in postoperative nausea and vomiting could not be determined. Significantly less pain was experienced in patients receiving preoperative carbohydrate rich drinks. Conclusion: Patients experienced less postoperative mouth dryness, thirst and hunger if they were given carbohydrate rich drinks preoperative. The effect on pain cannot be determined because of the small sample of studies. The effect on postoperative nausea and vomiting cannot be determined because only 40 percent of the reviewed studies has shown a statistically significant improvement. Despite this, carbohydrate rich drink has an effect on patient’s postoperative wellbeing and should be given to patients undergoing surgery with general anaesthesia. keywords: carbohydrates, preoperative care, Wellbeing, Postoperative nausea and vomiting 

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