Earnings Management for Swedish Listed Firms : An Empirical Study on Real Earnings Management Prior to Stock Repurchases

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Högskolan i Gävle/Företagsekonomi; Högskolan i Gävle/Företagsekonomi

Sammanfattning: In this study, we follow Cooper et al. (2017) and intend to further investigate income-decreasing real earnings management through altering production and discretionary expenditure and focus on such actions taken by management prior to stock repurchase. We take on a European perspective of IFRS on real earnings management and empirically test to what extent Swedish listed firms use real earnings management prior to stock repurchases to lower share prices. We follow Roydchowdhury (2006) and Cooper et al. (2017) and establish the firms normal level of real earnings management to compare with the period when firms anticipate stock repurchases. We present our data and results through descriptive statistics and use variables identified by Zang (2011) to perform correlation and regression tests accordingly with Cooper et al. (2017). Our results suggest that managers of Swedish firms on average engage in income-increasing real earnings management and decrease such management actions prior to stock repurchases. These findings emphasize the influence of real operating decisions by firms’ that must be considered by the market around major corporate events similar to repurchasing stock.

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