Den svenska abortdebatten : En textanalytisk studie av nationalistiska influenser i riksdagsdebatten om abort

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen


Recent debate on abortions in Swedish media has been focused on the question of freedom of conscience for the medical staff in abortion care, and in that way shifted the abortion debate from focusing on women as center of the debate, to focusing on the medical staff instead. At the same time, nationalism is growing stronger and stronger in Europe. This paper aims to point out if there has been a change in the parliament debate on abortion in Sweden, after the nationalistic party Sverigedemokraterna were elected in parliament in 2010, that through nationalistic influence has created a shift in the definition of the problem where the women are no longer in center of the debate. The paper builds on Condit's and Eduard's theories on the use of ideographs and linkages to nationalism in the abortion debate. Through a short view of statistics of the terms of 2006-2010 and 2010-2014 and a text analysis of the same years, one can see that there has been a certain change in rhetoric in the debate. There has been an increase in the debate on freedom of conscience where women are not in center of the debate, Sverigedemokraterna is in a lot of ways in charge of the agenda in the second term by bringing new angles into the debate and there is a shift in the definition of the problem through the discussion on weather abortion is a human right or not as well as through a focus on the fetus rather than the woman. What can also be said is that all parties during both terms use a rhetoric which can be linked to a nationalistic view of women and the question of abortion, even if these tendencies is more visible in the second term.

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