Databaser med frivilligt utgivningsbevis: förenligt med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (GDPR)?
Sammanfattning: The 1991 Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression allows individuals and legal persons to purchase a voluntary publication certificate. The prevailing legal situation implies that databases with a voluntary publication certificate doesn’t have to comply with the General Data Protection Regulation, although a processing of personal data occurs on the databases. Supported by the certificate, databases can then process personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences in public on the internet. The thesis main purpose is to examine if the described legal situation is compatible with article 10 and 85 in the General Data Protection Regulation. The EU legal method will be used in the examination. The thesis shows that databases as a main rule lacks legal support for processing personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences according to article 10 in the General Data Protection Regulation. Violation of article 10 is connected to comprehensive administrative fines. Civil cases and administrative sanctions are, however, allowed to process by databases. Article 85 in the General Data Protection Regulation is the key to understand the current legal situation. Supported by article 85, the national data law contains a general privilege for the freedom of expression. Databases with a certificate are the not obliged to follow the General Data Protection Regulation, as the 1991 Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression has precedence over the General Data Protection Regulation. By applying the EU legal method, the thesis concludes that the incorporation of article 85 in Swedish law is not compatible with the principle of proportionality. The thesis also shows that an alternative interpretation of article 85 is possible. The legal situation for databases who processes personal data as mentioned above, is therefore not in line with article 10 and 85 in the General Data Protection Regulation.
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