Prevalens av trycksår vid vård- och omsorgsboenden i Västerbotten : en kvantitativ studie

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Umeå universitet/Institutionen för omvårdnad; Umeå universitet/Institutionen för omvårdnad

Sammanfattning: Background: The population is getting older and the risk of pressure ulcers increases with increasing age. Pressure ulcers have a negative impact on the individuals and the society. The quality of life for individuals with pressure ulcers may be lower than for those without pressure ulcers. Aim: The purpose of the study was to map pressure ulcers in people 65 years or older at three point prevalence measurement in nursing homes in Västerbotten. Design: A quantitative study whit three point prevalence with 8256 participants. Prevalence and chi-2 distribution was analyzed. Methods: Secondary data from 8256 participants collected in the years 2000, 2007 and 2013, from care and nursing homes in county Västerbotten. Data were analyzed with Jamovi. Results: The study showed a prevalence of pressure ulcers of 5% and a association between pressure ulcers and pain that was statistically significant (p <0,001). Conclusion: The study showed a trend of decreasing prevalence of pressure ulcers in nursing homes in Västerbotten during the years 2000 to 2013. However, no conclusion could be drawn if the pressure ulcers were due to pain or vice versa. Specific research is needed on subjects of pressure ulcers and pain.

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