Accuracy analysis and Calibration of Total Station based on the Reflectorless Distance Measurement
Sammanfattning: Abstract Reflectorless EDM technology uses phase measuring or pulsed lasers to measure targets of a reflective and non-reflective nature. Reflectorless distance measurement provides rapid measurement by saving time and labour for surveyors. However, the accuracy of these types of measurements is under question because of the variety of constraints that affect the measurement. This paper attempts to show the techniques of total station calibration and to investigate the possible sources of error in reflectorless distance measurement. As a result, the effects of different color targets and angle incidence on distance measurement were checked. The precision of reflectorless distance measurement also investigated. In addition, comparison was made for manual and automatic target recognition measurement. Further experiment was performed on how to calibrate the total station instrument and the performance of the instrument was checked by KTH-TSC software. The experiments were evaluated by taking the reflector reading as ‘true value’ to check the accuracy of reflectorless measurement. The effects of colour surfaces on distance measurement have no significant difference. Besides, the result shows that the error in distance increased as the angle of incidence in the target increases. The result also indicates that automatic target recognition mode is the most advisable technique for precise measurement. Finally, an optimal number of seven target points was found for the calculation of prism constant.
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