Reglera den som regleras bör? En normativ studie om reglering av lobbying i riksdagen
Sammanfattning: Lobbying in the Swedish political system – understood as direct contact by organized interests with elected representatives to influence public decision-making – has increased and diversified as the system has transformed from corporatist to pluralist. Even if lobbying may be perceived as a threat to democracy, particularly challenging towards the basic notion of political equality, there is no public regulation of lobbying in Sweden. The study examines, through the method normative analysis and using theories on democratic representation, if and how lobbying of elected representatives in the Riksdag should be regulated. The first question is answered in the affirmative, since it would enhance the values of responsivity, accountability, openness and responsiveness. The study goes on to challenge assumptions in the mainstream discussions on regulation of lobbying, namely that it is the activity of lobbyists that should be registered, monitored and controlled. Rather, the object of regulation should be the elected representative. That follows chiefly from the democratic value of accountability – something the elected has towards the electorate. The study proposes a principle of ”public e-calendar”, whereby citizens could access information about interaction between members of the Riksdag and lobbyists.
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