Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av stress i arbetet : En litteraturöversik
Sammanfattning: Background: Stress is a person's biological response to pressure; it may be positive or negative depending on the amount of stress. Too much stress may result in physical or psychological sickness. Nurses in Sweden have laws and constitutions to follow as well as a description of competence. Despite this approximately 1200 patients die due to healthcare related injuries each year, and an additional 100 000 patients experience an adverse event when receiving hospitalized care. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses´ experiences of stress at work. Method: The method literature review was chosen, and eleven scientific articles were analyzed. Result: The analysis resulted in two themes: Challenging relationships and lack of knowledge and Shortcomings and strains in the workplace. Conclusions: This study contributed to increased understanding of nurses' experience of stress and its effect on patient safety. Stress also effects quality of care and is related to the work environment, co-workers as well as managers. To secure nurses' ability to care for patients the head of a department and hospital management must provide them with proper support and resources. They must also work for an environment that allows the nurses to share knowledge and help each other continue their professional development.
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