Riskhantering i samband med pandemier : Analys utifrån COVID-19s påverkan på fallföretagets Supply Chain
Sammanfattning: Increased economic growth and growing competition in the world market has led to an increased need for Supply Chain Management (SCM). SCM leads to a complex network between the parts in the entire flow chain and the complexity increases the vulnerability to external disturbances. At the end of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic start spreading, an external disturbance, had a major impact on society. Because of the preventive measures to prevent the spread of infection, many companies' supply chains are affected. Today, it is a major challenge for companies to manage and mitigate the risk on the company through well-functioning risk management, both to work proactively and reactively, as well as structural flexibility in the supply chain. This thesis examines how a Swedish medium-sized export company is affected by COVID-19 and how they work proactively and reactively in reducing negative consequences in the supply chain as a result of COVID-19. The study was conducted with qualitative interviews at the case company and the result was compared with a literature study of existing risk management theory in the event of disastrous events. A literature survey shows that there is a clear research gap, as there is limited knowledge about COVID-19 and its impact on corporate supply chains. Previous research on the subject is not comparable to COVID-19, as all disease outbreaks are unique. The result shows that the company has comprehensive risk management through an appointed director of the group management who proactively works with risks and has prepared a crisis management plan that is used during the outbreak of COVID-19. The crisis management plan, on the other hand, does not address pandemics, but the plan has been adapted to the current situation. However, supply chain risks should be seen not only as a threat to the business, but also as opportunities. Both positive and negative consequences for the case company have been identified. The results, however, contain limitations as the pandemic during the study's time span is still going and can create further direct and indirect consequences, and a future study can follow up on the outcome of the pandemic on the case company and suggest improvements based on the company's risk management.
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