Skiftarbetes inverkan på sjuksköterskors hälsa : En litteraturstudie
Introduction Shift work affects the circadian rhythm. Working night shift can, for instance, result in a disrupted circadian rhythm, which can have adverse effects on health. Nurses are a particularly vulnerable group in health care since they often work shifts.
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore how nurses are affected by shift work and what effects of shift work can have on nurses' health.
Method The work was carried out as a literature review with a systematic approach, in which 10 scientific articles were selected from the databases; Academic Search Elite, CINAHL and MEDLINE. The articles were examined, analyzed, results were summarized and conclusions were drawn.
Results Many nurses, often regardless of the type of shift work they have, suffer from insomnia, fatigue and gastrointestinal problems. Short rest between shifts and workload is mentioned in several articles as cause to the problems.
Discussion Short rest between shifts can be a major contributing factor to the problems, circadian rhythm and shift work itself may not affect health as much as short rest and too little time for recovery in between shifts.
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