FOKUS PÅ EFFEKTIVISERING I MATERIALFLÖDET FRÅN GODSMOTTAGNING TILL PLOCKPLATS : Störningar och slöserier i en distributionsverksamhet
Sammanfattning: Automotive industries are constantly working to streamline their warehousing operations, as disruptions and wastes can have negative effects on parameters such as lead time, warehouse space and utility of warehouse resources. Performance and efficiency in material flow have therefor had a negative impact on the total cost of products handled in the warehouse area. The purpose of this case study is thus to analyze the material flow from goods reception to picking location and identify any disruptions and wastes to suggest improvements. The case study has been conducted on an automotive industry’s warehouse operation. The approach adopted in the case study is deductive with methods of data collection via observations, semi-structured interviews and company documentations. This enabled the authors to be able to process both qualitative and quantitative data in the study to present a relevant analysis and discussion. This case study demonstrates that fixing disruptions and wastes in a material flow is a constant process, laying down also the importance of identifying the root cause that can be the cause of several disruptions and wastes, not only in one area but in several different sections of the material flow. Furthermore, it is presented how the material flow can be handled based on the influencing factors of disruptions and wastes as identified in the study, to aid in shorter lead times and reduced cost. One of the findings in the case study is the possible elimination of unnecessary transport that occurs due to lack of information among employees regarding the utilization of storage space in the storage area. By eliminating this waste, it contributes to cost savings, shortened lead times and less environmental impact. The case study also identifies that a root cause may be the basis for several deviations in a material flow, so when handling a root cause several disturbances and wastes can be eliminated. During the case study, the authors' observations in the case company were limited because of the prevailing pandemic that caused a visitor ban in the case company during planned observation occasions, thus less observations than planed have occurred.
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