Utmaningen med skilda byggprinciper : En jämförelsestudie av byggregler och standarder i Sverige, Norge och Finland
Sammanfattning: Construction in the world looks different due to countries differences in the rules how a building should be constructed which affects the design of the construction. It is no wonder that the countries have different building rules when each country is characterized by different climates, traditions and cultures that in turn shape the country's laws and requirements. The Nordic countries are facing the same climate and living conditions that form the basis for common building principles between the countries. It would harmonize construction and the construction industry would have a wider market to work on and a cross-border collaboration would benefit the companies when it is easier to share skills and experience with each other. The laws in the Nordic countries differ and many times it is completely illogical for them to have different solutions and requirements for things. This report examines differences regarding energy, availability, water and fire in the fallowing countries Sweden, Norway and Finland. The purpose is to highlight the differences between the countries and develop common minimum requirements. The aim of the report is to find a way for the countries to cooperate and investigate whether it is possible that Sweden, Norway and Finland can have common building principles and what such a solution could look like. In order to achieve the set goals and answer the questions, a quantitative data collection has been made to create the literature study on which the results are based. Interview questions were handed out in order to get a better picture of how companies are affected. The idea of a common platform was positive because this is something that could facilitate expansion in an easier way. The difficulties about finding requirements that could meet the requirements of the three countries would rarely be the best solution. The conclusion is that the building requirements in the four selected areas are different and this makes construction in Sweden, Norway and Finland more difficult. It increases costs and complicates construction across borders. Nordic co-operation would benefit both construction companies and consumers when more housing is being built. The solution proposal is a platform where you gather common laws and minimum requirements. Another important part of the common platform is that focus should be more on a function-based level rather than on a detailed level. Working with a certain formability but with function as the goal. It will provide opportunities to create their own innovative solutions that would benefit them.
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