Kvalitet, konkurrens och kollektiva värden i kulturmiljövården : förutsättningar för arkeologisk förmedling

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Avdelningen för ABM, digitala kulturer samt förlags- och bokmarknadskunskap

Sammanfattning: County museums were for a long time one of the main actors in Swedish cultural resource management (CRM) archaeology. In the late 1990s, however, Swedish CRM archaeology faced a new system: a tender-alike procedure. The introduction of competition into CRM archaeology has produced a series of positive, as well as a series of negative, consequences. One effect is that several county museums have ceased to practice CRM archaeology. At the same time an emphasis on mediation as an essential part of archaeological work, has been stated by the Swedish Heritage Conservation Act and The Swedish National Heritage Board. This thesis focuses on the CRM archaeological underframe, competition through a tender-alike system and relation between museum, research and mediation in order to examine how the changes in CRM archaeology have influenced mediation of archaeological results. The theoretical foundation is influenced by New Public Management (NPM) theory and Public Value Management (Public Value) theory. NPM theory emphasizes the importance of economic value such as efficiency, high quality and competition, which constitutes the foundation of the research problem. I argue that Public Value theory ought to be rendered more importance in the discussion surrounding CRM archaeology due to the fact that the Swedish Heritage Conservation Act shows that public value is of apparent relevance when concerning the foundation for archaeological work. The study has shown that the changes within the field of CRM-archaeology have resulted in an increased distance between museum, research and mediation of archaeological results; that contacts between CRM archaeology and museums are based on individuals rather than more structured communication, and that the fast processes within which CRM archaeology operates makes planning and collaboration with other actors, as for example museums, problematic. An increase in competence within all stages of the tenant process is desirable and necessary to meet the mediation-requirements originating from legislation and the National Heritage Board. The study has also shown that county administrative boards, museums and CRM archaeology need new instruments for mediation, for it to be fully implemented into CRM archaeological work, and for it to be used for long term purposes.

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