HIV-positiva personers upplevelser av stigmatisering och diskriminering i hälso- och sjukvården i Europa och Nordamerika

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: HIV-positive person´s are especially exposed to prejudices from the society which most likely also is reflected in healthcare situations. HIV-positive person´s have an extensive need for medical care and support from healthcare personnel in the process of managing the infection and adherence to the antiviral treatment. Aim: To describe HIV-positive person´s experiences of stigmatization and discrimination in healthcare settings and in interaction with healthcare personnel in Europe and north America. Method: A literature review with a systematic approach based on 11 qualitative articles. To analyse the articles, coding and thematization was performed. Results: Four themes arose: “Offensive experiences in healthcare settings”; “Unequal and inferior care”; “Revelation of HIV status”; “Consequences of stigmatization”. Conclusion: HIV-positive person´s experiences stigmatization and discrimination in contact with healthcare in Europe and north America. The discrimination and stigmatization is manifested in different aspects and contexts. A good treatment regimen and regular contact with healthcare is required for a satisfactory treatment outcome. HIV-positive person´s are entitled to a human treatment, just like everyone else, anywhere in the world. Keywords: HIV, Stigmatization, discrimination, experience, Healthcare

  HÄR KAN DU HÄMTA UPPSATSEN I FULLTEXT. (följ länken till nästa sida)