Fonologiskt bedömningsmaterial för förskolebarn : Vilka ord kan ingå?

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Linköpings universitet/Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin; Linköpings universitet/Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin

Sammanfattning:

The present project is a first step towards a new Swedish assessment tool to examine phonological ability in preschool-aged children. The work consisted of developing a word list with words that was considered to reveal a child’s phonological ability and to try out the word list on pre-school children. The reason was to make sure that the words existed in the vocabulary of the children in the chosen ages. A word list consisting of 109 words, which convey relevant phonological information, was created. Every phoneme in the Swedish language is represented at least twice in initial, medial and final word position. The majority of the consonant clusters, which are allowed in the Swedish language, are included. Also words consisting of three or more syllables, words consisting of an initial unstressed syllable and both of the tonal word accents used in the Swedish language, are included in the wordlist. The 85 children who participated in the present study was 3;0-5;11 years old and their task was to name the pictures of the material. The children were divided into six half-yearly intervals.

The result showed that the children’s ability to name the pictures was improved with increased age. The children in the youngest interval (3;0-3;5) named a mean of 92 pictures correctly, while children in the oldest interval (5;6-5;11) named a mean of 107 picture.

The authors decided that words which were produced by at least 80% of the children in an interval were judged to be appropriate for the current age. Consequently, 79 of the 109 words were judged to be appropriate for children in interval 1. Among these 79 words, there are words which represent the majority of the phonological aspects that a phonological assessment tool should comprise.

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