The reallocation of capital towards green investments : A study on the EU Taxonomy Regulations
Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study is to investigate how the introduction of the EU Taxonomy for sustainable activities will affect investors capital allocation towards green investments, and how it will impact the financial market. This master thesis has been conducted with a qualitative approach and semi-structured interviews. The interviews involved 14 financial professionals within the Nordic area, as well as one economic analyst from the European Commission in Brussels, Belgium. In addition, it includes a thorough literature study and a theoretic framework involving the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH). Based upon the findings, this research shows that the EU taxonomy will be an adequate tool in order to facilitate the process of shifting capital towards sustainable investments. However, the allocation of capital may be delayed at first, but is expected to achieve a capital reallocation towards green investments in the long term. Challenges identified include the balance between risk adjusted profits and making a transition to attract capital. Both investors and listed companies will face the challenge of choosing the best strategy to attract more capital than their peers. All investors participating in this research expect to see increasing stock prices of listed taxonomy aligned companies in the near future. This short-term increase in stock prices could be derived from the demand of early movers of the green investments. Investors are expected to invest in taxonomy aligned. The research defines that financial regulations are regarded as complex information and therefore not regarded as information available to all investors, the Efficient Market Hypothesis could not be confirmed for complex information. Future research could explore how other market participants outside of the EU could be affected by the implementation of the EU Taxonomy. For future research it could also be interesting and of great use to conduct research based on the variables, risk and profit in combination with a reallocation of capital towards green investments.
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