Samtycke och sexuellt blomstrande : Hur den ortodoxa liberala synen på samtycke kan motverka sexuellt blomstrande

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Umeå universitet/Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier

Sammanfattning: Sexual ethics is about the norms we should have when it comes to sex. It concerns how we should behave towards each other in terms of sexual acts. Within the field of sexual ethics, consent has acquired a central role in determining what is permissible and impermissible in sexual actions. This primarily focuses on whether consent can prevent sexual violation. Another focus is on whether individuals have a satisfying sexual life, a value that can be described as sexual flourishing. What has been missing in previous research is the emphasis on the relationship between consent and sexual flourishing. This is precisely the focus that this essay aims to explore - the connection between consent and sexual flourishing. In this essay, I will present arguments showing that consent and sexual flourishing do not harmonize well, and that consent can negatively impact sexual flourishing. The arguments are that consent creates an asymmetry between the sexual parties, based on two factors: that consent requires a strict structure that is lacking and that a person can relinquish their rights during the sexual act. I will then present two modifications of consent and examine whether they can avoid criticism and contribute to positive sexual flourishing. The conclusion is that due to consent requiring a specific structure tailored to agreements about objects, it is not suited for intimate situations involving bodily rights without further adjustments.

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