Modellering av miljözoners inverkan på luftkvalitet i centrala Uppsala

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper

Sammanfattning: In order to improve the air quality in Uppsala, a proposition to introduce one of two new emission zones (EZ), starting in the year 2020, has been proposed. In what is called Environment Zone Class 2 (EZ2), only cars that meet emission class Euro 5 and higher are allowed and in Environment Zone Class 3 (EZ3), only electric, fuel cell and gas vehicles are allowed. The purpose of this thesis is to examine how EZ: s would affect the air quality, regarding nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particles (PMx), within the zone of the city of Uppsala. Using the traffic simulation software PTV Vissim and the emissions modeling software EnViver, four scenarios have been created, two representing today's fleet of vehicles and two examining a modified fleet. Scenario 1 examines an exclusion of all non EZ2 vehicles (Euro 4 and lower) within the zone and scenario 2 examines an EZ2 solely on the road Kungsgatan. Scenario 3 and 4 examine an EZ2 and EZ3 where all cars that do not currently meet the requirements for each EZ are replaced with ones that do. The results indicate that all proposals, except scenario 2, lead to a reduction of NOx and PM2 within the zone. Scenario 1 shows a decrease by 51% for NOx and 57% for PM10, scenario 3 shows a decrease by 17% and 24% respectively and scenario 4 shows a decrease by 66% and 43% respectively. For scenario 2 the emissions show an increase by 10% and 7% each within the zone.

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