Organiserat tiggeri – en arkeologisk diskursanalys av organiserat tiggeri som fenomen i svenska dags- och kvällstidningar

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för socialt arbete

Sammanfattning: The overall aim of the thesis was to examine how the Swedish media in the form of daily andevening newspapers contribute to the description of organized begging as a phenomenon. Partof the purpose was to examine the various ways in which the phenomenon of organizedbegging was described and how it can be understood as a social problem for society. Anotherpart was to investigate the similarities and differences in the various forms concerning contentand which actors are given space. Finally, to explore and discuss which space social work gotin the presentation of organized begging. The study was based on self-understanding and acomprehensive literature search because the field of knowledge regarding organized beggingwas of high relevance to the analysis. The method was based on a primarily qualitativeresearch approach with quantitative elements with the aim to create categories that could becompared within the material and at the same time analyze the material in depth. The studymaterial consisted of 51 pieces of texts from the metropolitan press restricted to the daily andevening papers selected through a goal-oriented selection with two thinning’s. The textsselected were articles in the form of opinion articles, columns, editorials and reports. Thematerial was then analyzed on the basis of an archaeological discourse analytical approachand its central concepts: objects, enunciative modalities, concepts, and strategies. Theanalysis examined how organized begging was described, which actors got the space toexpress themselves, various arguments that were used and the agenda that was advanced. Thetexts were first analyzed individually, then through a comparative analysis between theidentified forms and finally with a comprehensive analysis for the understanding of organizedbegging as a whole. The result of the analysis was that the discourse of organized beggingmainly consists of four types of statements: the existence of organized begging, solutions,politicization alternatively reformulations. Based on the forms content, it was possible to drawthree conclusions from the media's representation and discourse form. The first was that theexistence of organized begging was not decisive for the production of the phenomenon andsocial problem. The mere possibility that it could exist was sufficient for it to be discussedand dealt with, primarily by the political field. The second conclusion was that representativesof social work and social services did not take or have any noticeable space in the discourse.This meant that the institution which was formally responsible for the people in vulnerablesituations supplied a picture that other parts were responsible for the issue. The third and finalconclusion was that the people who organized begging related to get talked about instead ofwith in the discourse. Despite the fact that these people were central to the discourse oforganized begging did they get limited space to express themselves and mostly becamereceivers for the use of organized begging in the media.

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