Continuous-variable quantum annealing with superconducting circuits

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Linköpings universitet/Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi

Sammanfattning: Quantum annealing is expected to be a powerful generic algorithm for solving hard combinatorial optimization problems faster than classical computers. Finding the solution to a combinatorial optimization problem is equivalent to finding the ground state of an Ising Hamiltonian. In today's quantum annealers the spins of the Ising Hamiltonian are mapped to superconducting qubits. On the other hand, dissipation processes degrade the success probability of finding the solution. In this thesis we set out to explore a newly proposed architecture for a noise-resilient quantum annealer that instead maps the Ising spins to continuous variable quantum states of light encoded in the field quadratures of a two-photon pumped Kerr- nonlinear resonator based on the proposal by Puri et al. (2017). In this thesis we study the Wigner negativity for this newly proposed architecture and evaluate its performance based on the negativity of the Wigner function. We do this by determining an experimental value to when the presence of losses become too detrimental, such that the Wigner function of the quantum state during the evolution within the anneal becomes positive for all times. Furthermore, we also demonstrate the capabilities of this continuous variable quantum annealer by simulating and finding the best solution of a small instance of the NP-complete subset sum problem and of the number partitioning problem.

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