Investigation of torsion modes in overhead traveling cranes: : Reviewing the ISO 22980 standard
Sammanfattning: Overhead cranes and rail mountings in the wall are subjected to vibrations whenlifting equipment. The purpose of this thesis is to review if the minimum frequencyvalue for cranes, according to the ISO 22986:2007 standard is conservative whendesigning overhead traveling cranes. To succeed with the purpose of this thesis,the objective is to compare measured to simulated vibration data on an overheadtraveling cranes. MSC Nastran and MATLAB were used to compare the measureddata to the simulated model. Experimental vibration data on a crane at Volvo CEwas obtained by using the program Siemens Test Lab. The experimental vibrationdata were correlated to the finite element model, by using the modal assurance criteriabetween the mode shapes of the experimental and finite element models. Thefinite element model was used to conduct a study which resembles the operationmovements of the crane. The result of the load investigation where a trolley movesalong the girder on the overhead crane, showed that the ISO 22986:2007 standard isnot conservative in regards to the displacement due to movements during operationof the crane, since the standard does not consider 13% of the displacement whichis due to the torsional modes. When considering an extreme case where the entireload of the trolley was placed on one side of the girder 51% of the displacement wasin response to the torsional modes in this study. Thereby, the minimum frequencyallowed on the overhead cranes does not consider the torsional vibration’s contributionwhich have a significant impact on the displacement when the trolley movesover the girder.
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