Barnfattigdomen och dess konsekvenser - ett folkhälsoproblem. En litteraturbaserad studie med ett barnrättsperspektiv.
Sammanfattning: Background: Child poverty is a globally extensive issue that was first brought up within the Swedish public sector in the early 1990’s. The income gap in Swedish increases and recent surveys show that 12 per cent of Swedish children live with financial vulnerability. The risk is higher for children in economically disadvantaged households to have a lower standard of living, which may result in poorer health and school results.Aim: The aim of this literature study is to see how children suffer from economic vulnerability during childhood and also to look at the connection between economic vulnerability during childhood and health and social factors in adulthood.Method: A literature study was conducted consisting of 14 quality-reviewed articles, found through the Scopus and Social Science databases. The articles were analysed using content analysis.Result: The results found that there are correlations between several of the outcomes of child poverty and financial vulnerability and outcomes in adulthood. Some of these outcomes in adulthood where an increased risk of addiction, worse self-assessed health as well as poorer economic conditions later in life and lower level of education.Discussion/conclusion: Support for correlation between economic vulnerability during childhood and poorer living conditions during childhood and adulthood has been found. Strength in correlations varies, but all studies show that children and young people with less financial resources is or becomes socially exposed to society.
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