Barnets rätt att få delta utifrån sina förutsättningar : Om att få barn med autism inkluderade i en kommunal förskola
In our essay we account for the relation between us and two boys during our many years working in the Swedish preschool system. The boys have been diagnosed within the autism spectrum. They attend the practice but the question is to what extent they partake in the activities. Inclusion is a charged word which is not necessarily discussed. All children within the municipal preschool system should be included. But as we execute our activities, we ask: are the disabled children as included as the rest? Another aspect of our study is: how is the preschool environment adapted? Is it designed for all children? We interviewed the teachers at a preschool that has a department that specializes in children within the autism spectrum.We saw a big difference in their work procedures but above all in the environment´s design. Within the autism spectrum we have found three criteria’s children with autism struggle with. These are Theory of Mind, Executive functions and Central coherence. Further we came in to contact with the special education concepts of compensational perspective, critical perspective and behaviorism, during our visit at the support units. In the essay we discuss how such current research on autism can be used in preschools. We also bring to light the children´s rights from our readings of the central documents and what the preschool does to communicate and treat children within the autism spectrum at the best possible way.
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