Battery Digital Twin : Modeling and Characterization of a Lithium-Ion Battery
Sammanfattning: Electrical vehicles have become more popular during recent years due to their reduced greenhouse gas emissions. The research within Li-ion batteries is therefore moving fast. Presently, two-level converters transforming the current from DC to AC. However, an alternative method of power conversion is by utilizing modular multilevel converters, which can perform better harmonics than the two-level converter. This study aims to research the impact of these converters on battery cell heat generation. In doing so, developing a digital twin of the Li-ion battery cell, which in this case is a Samsung 28 Ah nickel, manganese, and cobalt prismatic battery cell, focusing on the thermal aspects such as heat generation, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity. The modular multilevel converter may also cause significant overtones, harmonics. Therefore, this study investigates the thermal impact of these frequencies. The results show that it is possible to, via experiments and simulations, determine the heat capacity and thermal conductivity of a Li-ion cell. Furthermore, the frequencies caused by the modular multilevel converter cause a temperature rise in the cell, compared to the two-level converter. Although, if the same root mean square for the modular multilevel converter current is used, the temperature rise is lower compared to DC. During the load cycles, the results show that there are slightly higher temperatures at the positive current collector side compared to the negative. It is, however, the jelly roll core that has the highest temperatures.
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