Kamratkulturer på förskolan. : En observationsstudie kring 1-3 åringars lek i förskolans vardag

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Karlstads universitet/Institutionen för pedagogiska studier


The purpose with this study was to find out about the preschool toddler’s peer-cultures. I also wanted to understand how these peer-cultures were shown.

My questions are as following:

  • What is it that the children interpretive and reproduce in their play?
  • How do children gain access to play?
  • How do children exclude each other?
  • What position of status can be seen in children´s play?

I used observations as the method to find the answer to these questions. These observations where implemented during five occasions at two different preschools. Through these observations I have been able to see that peer cultures do exist among these children and that children uses different strategies to get access to play and to exclude one another. The children exclude others by simply telling: no you cannot play with us. To get access to the play, children used to circle the interaction and then use a nonverbal entry.

Teachers must be aware of the fact that children with higher status wants to decide over the others, which been clear to me during this study. With this knowledge teachers will be able to prevent children from exclusion at all time.

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