Maktdelning : och konstitutionellt rättighetsskydd

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Örebro universitet/Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete

Sammanfattning: The topic of this master thesis in legal science is state law and constitutional law, or more specific judicalization, with the division of power and thus increased individual legal rights in various forms. Sweden has traditionally had a weak constitutional protection for the individual’s legal rights. The public power has been concentrated to the government and the courts have only played a marginal role. Since the implementation of the European convention of legal rights and with the ever-increasing importance of the legal system of the European Union, the Swedish legal system gone through changes of historical dimensions. This master thesis is based on the legal dogmatic method where laws, preparatory work, case law and doctrines have been systemized. The purpose of this thesis is to exemplify a global trend; the judicalization and its following consequence and implication on the national legal system. The aim is also to evaluate the constitutional protection in Sweden after the propositioned changes of Regeringsformen in a de lege ferenda-perspective. The conservative sovereignty of the Swedish people has been challenged by, from national standpoints, xenogeneic thoughts concerning division of power and increased power for the courts, which in turn puts the traditional democratic principles on their edge. An expert commission, Grundlagsutredningen, was put together to review the Swedish constitution, Regeringsformen. The review has resulted in a proposition which questions some important constitutional matters. The expert commission has propositioned a stronger judicial preview through the Swedish legal Counsel Lagrådet, and also suggested a stronger judicial review by changing the possibilities of the courts to try laws against the constitution. These changes, together with the fact that the autonomy and the increased power of the courts are stressed in a new chapter in Regeringsformen, imply that the political power has to take a step back. The development, the judicalization, clearly accentuates the judicial power on behalf of the courts. This in turn increases the protection for the individual’s fundamental human and legal rights. These incentives are of course hard to ignore as the Swedish constitution for once is competing on an international level. The new changes are positive as a corrective against for instance the abuse of power, and only case law can provide us with outcome in a prospective perspective.

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