Patienters upplevelser av att vara mekaniskt ventilerade och/eller sederade på IVA : En litteraturstudie
Sammanfattning: Background: Mechanical ventilation and sedation are common in intensive care and can be stressful for the patient as many experience physical and mental complications such as delirium. Nurses in intensive care play an important role in assessing the need for pain relief and sedation. The care environment and communication opportunities are also factors that affect patients' experiences. Aim: The aim of the study was to make patients' experiences of having been mechanically ventilated and/or sedated in an intensive care unit visible. Method: A literature study was chosen to get a picture of the current state of knowledge. Based on a thematic analysis method 15 articles were analyzed. Results: The analysis resulted in the following themes: fear and anxiety with subthemes physical and psychological experiences, security and trust with subthemes environment and communication as well as cognition and memories with subthemes confusion and dreams. Conclusion: It is a difficult experience to be mechanically ventilated and/or sedated in an intensive care unit. Communication difficulties were a prominent experience that affected many patients. Continued research: Continued research is necessary in the subject matter of the study. There is also a need for research on the care environment and communication aids for intensive care patients. Keywords: Sedation, mechanical ventilation, intensive care and experiences.
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