Dynamic Analysis of Sinusoidal, Random and Shock Vibration according to Launch Environment for Small Spacecraft Development to Asteroid 2016-HO3
Sammanfattning: The investment of space commerce is skyrocketing and it is predicted to be a nascent business in the future. The spacecraft demand has been growing not only for NASA and other space agency’s mission but also collaboration business between small space industries, academia, and scientific community. This glimpse brought an interest to a new investor, government, military, and manufacturing company to deliver their objectives efficiently. Nowadays, many startups compete embracing innovation and pioneering the novelty of space project beyond prodigious vision in an unprecedented way. Many players foresee that decreasing size of the rocket is an important key to survive and succeed in the space business. One of the efficient acts is lowering the launch cost. This can be achieved by designing a small size, lightweight and affordable spacecraft. Within this context, a Beyond Atlas Spacecraft which will be sent to Asteroid 2016-HO3, has achieved a wet mass of 20.85 kg with the size of 24.7 x 42.2 x 40.8 cm in stowed mode and 84 x 399 x 40.8 cm in unstowed mode. However, the drawback being light and small may lead to catastrophic failure due to resonance frequency events. According to past experience, the gyro of the Swedish national satellite was damaged during ground testing and it was suspected due to high amplification when the natural frequency coincides to the main structure resonance. Therefore, this work is focusing on a spacecraft development and a non-destructive structural analysis. The coupled-load analysis of a preliminary spacecraft design including sinusoidal, random vibration and shock analysis are calculated using FEM. This effort can reduce the risk of component destruction before laboratory testing as well as understand better the dynamic behavior of the spacecraft. The critical frequency in each orthogonal axis with base input from launch environment of the LM-3A Launch Vehicle was devised. The maximum stress, amplitude, and acceleration in accordance of qualification test criteria were evaluated and discussed.
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