Sorption of perfluorinated and polyfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) in the subsurface of an industrial site in Sweden
Sammanfattning: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a group of emerging chemicals which havereceived increasing attention due to their toxicity, persistent properties, and global distribution.In this study, sorption coefficients (Kd and KOC) of PFASs in an industrial site in Sweden wereevaluated. Sorption is a measures of the mobility of a substance in the subsurface, and is a keyfactor in environmental risk assessments. Sorption coefficients were calculated both from fieldsamples processed in laboratory batch tests, and from a simplified approach involving the totalconcentrations in soil and groundwater (field-derived). Soil was sampled from two locations ofthe site; C8 and M6. Field-derived values were calculated based on concentrations which werehistorically measured. The aim was to compare the two methods, and to compare the valueswith literature values as well as guideline sorption values established by the SwedishGeotechnical Institute (SGI). Sorption coefficients for PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFHxS, PFOS, 6:2 FTS and PFBS could beestablished. Results showed that laboratory-derived sorption coefficients were significantlyhigher than field-derived sorption coefficients. Laboratory-derived sorption values were alsohigher than to SGI’s preliminary sorption values. Comparing C8 and M6 KOC values toliterature values, PFHpA, PFHxA, and PFBS exhibit values above literature values. PFOA,PFHxS, PFOS exhibit KOC values within the range of literature values. According to thesorption coefficients, predictive scenarios of leaching through the unsaturated zone weremodelled, and it was concluded that leaching was higher in M6 compared to C8. The resultsalso showed that an increase in precipitation increased the leaching.
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