Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med ett självskadebeteende : En deskriptiv litteraturstudie

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för vårdvetenskap; Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: About 50 years ago, self-injurious behavior was considered rare, a symptom associated with psychosis or suicidal thoughts. In today's society, self-injurious behavior is a widespread phenomenon, especially among adolescents and adults dealing with mental illness in different ages.  Aim: The aim of this literature study was to describe and compile nurses' experiences of caring for patients with self-injurious behavior.  Method: A descriptive literature study made up of ten scientific articles. Main results: Nurses in the care of patients with self-injurious behavior described experiences of relationship-building care, the importance of specific knowledge, empathy and professional distance, and the support from colleagues.  Conclusion: The results of the literature study showed that several different components were important, these were; relationship-building care, lack of time and staff, the support of colleagues, the importance of specific knowledge as well as empathy and professional distance. These components form the basis for the nurse, to the best of her ability, to care for patients with self-injurious behavior in an adequate way of working. 

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