Vidareutveckling av friktionsbetingat förband för fixering av tankar

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Mälardalens högskola/Akademin för innovation, design och teknik; Mälardalens högskola/Akademin för innovation, design och teknik

Sammanfattning: Scania CV AB is one of the world’s leading companies within heavy vehicles. The company have a broad selection of trucks, which all are equipped with gas, or fuel tanks, depending on the fuel type of the truck, The trucks also contain air tanks that are used for braking and air suspension. The tanks are assembled with straps, where the rubber spacers constitutes a protective layer between the tank and the strap, to protect the tank from wear. When installing different types of tanks there is a need for elements in the joint that increases the friction, compensates for manufacturing defects, prevents wear and permits electrical insulation. This has traditionally been done with rubber spacers. However, the rubber spacers increase the uncertainty of the actual preload of the joint, and movements in the joint usually make the spacers slip out of its position.  The purpose of the project is to generate knowledge on what characteristics and conditions that affects the performance of the friction joint, and to find a conceptual solution of the underlaying problem.        The following questions were created to be able to fulfill the purpose of the project: F1: Which underlying causes generate preload loss in the straps when assembling various tanks? F2: Which underlying causes makes rubber spacers tend to slip out of its position in various tank installations? F3: What operations need to be undertaken to prevent the preload loss in the straps and that the rubber spacers slip out of its position?  A case study and a literature review was conducted. The literature review was done to get an overall understanding of all of the different subjects that can be of relevance in this project. The data was collected from books, research papers and scientific articles. Data was also collected from interviews, technical reports, deviation reports, legal requirements, drawings, statistics from the field quality and observations in production.  The case study is based on a product development process where several different product development tools have been used. The case study also include material testing in terms of friction and settlement testing. The project resulted in a concept in the shape of a rubber spacer which is based on the existing solution that Scania is using today. The solution consists of four components: geometries that prevent the rubber from slipping away known as flanges and geometries in the shape of tips of a fir tree, rounded short sides and a dimpled underside. The size of the spacer will vary because of the different types of tank and strap sizes. The project also resulted in a design guideline, that will provide guidelines and guidance for further work and future design.

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