Sammankoppling av fjärrvärmenäten i Nyköping och Oxelösund : miljö- och systemkonsekvenser

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från SLU/Dept. of Energy and Technology

Sammanfattning: District heating covers most of the residential areas and industries in the twoneighbouring Swedish municipalities Nyköping and Oxelösund. In Nyköping,Vattenfall AB Värme produces heat in a bio-fuelled CHP plant. In Oxelösund,waste heat and use of waste gases from the steel production at SSABOxelösund is the basis in the district heating system.This report examines the environmental consequences of a connection betweenthe two district heating systems. A broad system approach is used and the focusis on environmental effects in the system.A system analysis has been performed on the result of simulations of differentheat and electricity production alternatives. The alternatives simulated wereone where Vattenfall Nyköping covers the base load in the joint district heatingsystem and two where the power plant at SSAB Oxelösund supplies the heatbase load.The conclusion in this report is that the consequences of connecting the twodistrict heating systems can be both positive and negative, depending onsystem boundaries and on the environmental focus. An efficient use ofresources can be achieved by letting SSAB Oxelösund supply the base load ofheat in the system. Such a solution will lead to a decrease in electricityproduction in Nyköping and Oxelösund. This might not be desirable since alarge part of this production is renewable. With a focus on renewableelectricity production the first alternative, with base load production atVattenfall Nyköping, would be the best alternative.

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