Problem kring bygglovsprocessen i Malmö

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Malmö universitet/Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US)

Sammanfattning: Abstract  This thesis is based on the problems surrounding the building permit process that many in the construction industry is experiencing. When you are going to build something new, change a building or demolish a building, you need a building permit from the municipality where the measure is to be carried out. The purpose of the work is to identify the shortcomings that applicants in Malmö municipality experience with the building permit process. And what building permit applicants in Malmö municipality experienced were good and bad with their case and building permit process. Some shortcomings are long processing times, which is a problem and problem with drawings and documents, as well as other problems during the building permit process. The purpose is also to see what solutions are available to these problems, and solutions to shorten the processing times and have a more efficient building permit process. Several methods have been used to identify the perceived shortcomings in the municipality's building permit process. The study is partly based on an interview with Malmö municipality building permit officer which was conducted orally, and partly on a questionnaire that was sent to private individuals to find out which steps in the building permit process they found difficult to perform. Information about applicants comes from Malmö Municipality's city planning office during public documents. The questionnaire was sent out via email to 102 private individuals who applied for a building permit between the years 2019-2021. 19 people participated, which corresponds to a response rate of 18.6%. The types of building permits that have been investigated are new construction of ancillary buildings, extensions of ancillary buildings and extensions of detached houses. The results from the study have led to suggestions for improvement measures, based on the questionnaire responses, five major areas in the process were identified as insufficient. Many had problems with long processing times, there are many who apply for a building permit even if the municipality adheres to statutory processing times. If the municipality were to employ more staff, it could help to shorten the processing time, but it takes a lot of money to complete and there should be people to hire. Many also find it difficult to know which documents and drawings will be submitted with the application to the municipality, which some often consider to be unreasonably many requirements and documentation. Another problem is that private individuals can submit applications and drawings even if they do not have previous knowledge of the construction environment or architecture. Applications must be checked by a professional before the case is submitted to the municipality. The last area that many considered to be a problem is contact and communication with the building permit officer or the municipality. Many find it difficult to get in touch with administrators. A better communication system is needed as this usually takes time when external parties need to be involved in a case. Keywords: Building permit, Building permit process, Building permit documents, Complete documents, Malmö municipality, Planning and Building Act, National Board of Housing, Building and Planning, application process   

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