Geovetenskaplig analfabetism i Sverige – En undersökning av allmänhetens och beslutsfattarnas kunskaper
Earth science is a dynamic system science that explores the structures and processes of the earth. Knowledge about the earth is important for citizens since the science is a vital part in the sustainable development of the society. Without good basic knowledge the citizens don’t have the possibility to anticipate in the questions and decision-making that concerns e.g. anthropogenic climate change. In the Swedish school system earth science is not an independent subject until academically studies at the University’s. The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of knowledge among citizens and policymakers in Sweden and to find out if there is any illiteracy for earth science in Sweden. The method conducted of two web-based surveys and the questions in the surveys are focused around the subject of anthropogenic climate change because it is one of the most well known areas of earth science amongst the citizens. The survey results are based on 159 answers from each survey and shows that there is illiteracy for earth science in Sweden. It is also possible to se that the policymakers have better knowledge about earth science than the citizens. The results also show that there is a concern amongst the citizens regarding the effects that humans do to anthropogenic climate change. One solution to the illiteracy and worries amongst the public is better education in earth science. How to best teach a subject is developed in the research area of didactics but for earth science this is a relatively young science, in need of more research both in Sweden and internationally.
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