Livscykelanalys av trästomme i flervåningshusmed fokus på koldioxidutsläpp
Sammanfattning: Purpose: The aim of this study is to provide improvement suggestions on how the amount of carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced in the construction of mainly multi-storey timber buildings. Proposals are made after identifying where in the life cycle the largest emissions occur. Method: To achieve the goal of this study a case study was performed on an existing multi-storey timber building. A life cycle analysis (LCA) was performed to identify where in the life cycle the biggest emissions occur. To gather all important information about the project, document analysis was conducted. In addition, a literature study was made on the subject which supports and enhances conducted study. Findings: From literature study, case study and document analysis results have been listed which forms the foundation for the following suggestions of improvement. The life cycle analysis has identified that the largest amount of carbon dioxide is 28 % and is obtained in sawmills. The production of glue produces 25 % and transports during the lifecycle produces nearly 20 %. Implications: The conclusion contributes to reducing the amount of carbon dioxide emissions in future production of mainly wooden buildings. The greatest amount of carbon dioxide have been identified and the following proposals have been made to reduce emissions. Make sawmills more effective to reduce emissions. Produce and use environmentally friendly adhesive with similar characteristics. Use waste from forest felling, sawmills and glulam factories for production of biofuel used for transports. Limitations: This study has only covered multi-storey buildings in different wooden systems, the problem is probably also relevant for other buildings. Keywords: Carbon dioxide emissions, LCA, multi-storey building, timber and wooden frame.
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