Scoping review of facilitative aspects of occupational, personal and environmental factors of caregivers occupational performance when caring for a person with major neurocognitive disorder (NCD)

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Högskolan i Jönköping/HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering

Sammanfattning: People with neurocognitive disorders (NCD) condition called dementia are mainly taken care by family members. The number of people suffering from neurocognitive disorders is estimated to increase. Providing care for the person with NCD can be stressful and demanding which is why effective interventions to support caregivers are needed. Occupational therapy practitioners have unique knowledge of the person, environment and occupation and how those factors influence on individuals occupational performance. Occupational therapy ́s interventions to support caregivers with NCD have mainly concentrated on problems in the behaviour of person with NCD. The aim of this scoping review was to identify why some caregivers are managing better as a caregiver before any interventions have been done. What are those aspects of Person (P), Occupation (O) and Environment (E) that facilitate occupational performance (OP) when taking care for a person with NCD. PEO-model by Law et. al (Law et al., 1996) was utilized to formulate research question, in search words and in summarizing the results. The search from Ageline, Cinahl, Psycinfo and PubMed databases was done in January 2018 and went back 10 years. Results found 23 relevant articles for inclusion in the scoping review. Facilitating factors emphasized the supports of relationship seen as an overlap of caregivers and individuals with NCD on occupational performance. Facilitating personal factors of resilience, finding gains in caregiving, self -efficacy and religiosity were found to have an impact on care that the caregiver provides. Facilitative aspects of occupations highlighted importance of daily occupations as a source of well-being for both caregiver and person with NCD. In conclusion, facilitating aspects of relationships, personal factors and engagement in activities and hobbies supported occupational performance of both the caregiver and a person with NCD. Taking these factors into consideration could help target interventions more precisely to meet caregivers needs.

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