Erfarenheter kring sexuell och reproduktiv hälsa hos kvinnor somlever med HIV i västvärlden : En litteraturbaserad studie

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå; Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå

Sammanfattning: Background: HIV is a major and global public health issue. In 2014, approximately 17.4million women were living with HIV. Regarding HIV, there are socially acquiredprejudices that contributes to stigmatize those living with the infection. Women livingwith HIV are an extra vulnerable group in society, which can negatively affect theirhealth. Aim: To study the experiences of sexual and reproductive health in women livingwith an HIV diagnosis in the Western world. Method: A literature-based study. Themethod used for this study was based on qualitative research, which contribute a deeperunderstanding for a phenomenon. Eight articles were analyzed and resulted in three mainthemes and seven subthemes. Results: The results are presented under three main themes;To face new challenges, To be treated differently and Being emotionally affected. To facenew challenges describe women's experience in managing their sexuality and the needfor information. To be treated differently describes women's experience of beingstigmatized in society and in health care. Being emotionally affected describes howwomen experienced shame and fear, which contributed to the fact that women did notseek care during pregnancy. Conclusion: Women living with an HIV diagnosis are inneed of information as well as emotional and instrumental support. This need can beacknowledged when the nurse takes on the responsibility for nursing and applies personcentered care.

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