Hållbar parkeringsplanering och vikten av rumsliga analyser
Sammanfattning: As the population in the Stockholm region continues to increase problems arise regarding how these new inhabitants are to travel across the region in a sustainable way, this at the same time as making sure that municipalities are planning for sustainable land use. Solving the problem with mobility has historically been done through guaranteeing a set number of parking spaces in direct connection to new development through the use of parking norms. These norms has slowly become more and more criticized and are seen to contribute to unsustainable land use through excess parking spaces, something that in the end lead to increased car use. This study is based on the hypothesis that the municipal way of planning for parking is outdated and not sustainable in the long term when it comes to environmental sustainability. The study investigates the long term effects of parking norms in the Swedish municipality of Vaxholms stad located in the outskirts of Stockholm County and also analyses how more complex spatial analyses can contribute to more sustainable parking planning. The results of the study are that current method of planning for parking in the municipality is outdated not environmentally sustainable long term. One of the reasons is the lack of geographical precision in combination with the fact that mobility measures are not be able to affect the outcome of the number of parking spaces planned for. The parking norm is in need of an update as well as more detailed spatial analyses, otherwise the municipality is at risk of planning for the wrong amount of parking in the wrong places. The combination of binding parking norms, parking spaces in direct proximity to new development and bad proximity analysis regarding public transport the municipality will make the car stay as the main mode of transport even in the future.
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