EU som Säkerhetsaktör : En kvalitativ textanalys om unionens anti-terrorverksamhet mellan år 2013-2017

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST)

Sammanfattning: EU has in the past years suffered from several terrorist attacks where over a hundred persons died only in the first half of 2017. As a response to these attacks EU has been provided, through recent treaties, with an increased number of tools to counter terrorism. This has raised questions regarding which actor shall provide the security for the citizens of Europe, the EU or the Nation state? The purpose with this study is to analyse the measures and strategies which the EU has been implementing between 2013-2017. Two main questions are formulated: To what extent are EUs measures and strategies between 2013-2017 characterised by hard and soft governance? How can these measures and strategies be understood from an integration perspective? This qualitative study is based on theories about hard/soft governance and on the theory of neofunctionalism. The results show an increasing use of hard governance methods in countering terrorism through a more supra-national approach. An increased integration took place partly because of a spillover effect and lack of belief in national solutions to the problem. However, the union’s member states still enjoy great influence in countering terrorism and they still have a big responsibility in protecting their citizens.

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