Nurse’s experience of spreading awareness about self-care regarding Hepatitis B in Bali, Indonesia : A qualitative study
Sammanfattning: Title: Nurse’s experience of spreading awareness about self-care regarding Hepatitis B in Bali, Indonesia: A qualitative study. Background: Three to seven percent of the population has Hepatitis B (HBV) in Indonesia and six percent in Bali. Patients who apply self-care are more likely to achieve health. Self-care is about hygiene and eating habits where the healthcare provider should support the patient. Dorothea Orem’s theory about self-care is about the relationship between patients’ self-care abilities and needs for nursing support. Aim: Describe nurses’ perception and experiences of informing patients about self-care regarding HBV in Bali, Indonesia. Method: Qualitative design, with semi-structured interviews with an inductive approach. Ten nurses have been interviewed at three hospitals and clinics in Bali. Result: Three main findings, 1. Perception and experience of what information needed for a patient about self-care, 2. The nurses’ perception and experience of informing patients about transmission, 3. The nurses’ perception and experience of who is responsible for informing about vaccination for HBV. The result is presented in themes and subthemes. Conclusion: The nurses' experiences of informing patients about self-care regarding HBV, include hygiene, sexual contact, transmission, and vaccination. Their experiences differ in certain themes. However, nurses share their thoughts about self-care, even if their work experience differs.
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