Trends in Forest Soil Acidity : A GAM Based Approach with Application on Swedish Forest Soil Inventory Data
Sammanfattning: The acidification of soils has been a continuous process since at least the beginning of the 20th century. Therefore, an inquiry of how and when the soil pH levels have changed is relevant to gain better understanding of this process. The aim of this thesis is to study the average national soil pH level over time in Sweden and the local spatial differences within Sweden over time. With data from the Swedish National Forest Inventory, soil pH surfaces are estimated for each surveyed year together with the national average soil pH using a generalized additive modeling approach with one model for each pair of consecutive years. A decreasing trend in average national level soil pH was found together with some very weak evidence of year-to-year differences in the spatial structure of soil pH.
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