EU:S OCH SVERIGES SOCIALPOLITISKA FÖRHÅLLNINGSSÄTT TILL FÖREBYGGANDET AV TERRORISM - En kvalitativ studie av strategidokument

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Sammanfattning: Radicalization is one of the major problems of our time. If it is not prevented, extremism canturn into terrorism which is a threat of the democracy. Previous research shows that socialpolicy approaches are important for successful counter-terrorism work. Research also showsthat too little focus on social problems can lead to increased radicalization. The question is towhich extent Sweden's and the EU's strategy documents are characterized by a social policyapproach to terrorism?The purpose of this work is to examine to which extend the EU and Sweden are characterizedby social policy approaches in their strategy documents against terrorism studied inaccordance with Moghaddam's staircase model.In order to achieve the purpose, a selection of strategy documents from the EU and Sweden isanalyzed through the staircase model. Moghaddam explains the radicalization process throughsix steps to the final step, "terrorism". By applying the model to the strategy documents, theaim is to analyze to which extent the EU's and Sweden's strategies are related to socio –political approaches in their strategy documents against terrorism in relation to Moghadam'stheory.The results from the analysis show that Sweden's strategies are based on “promote”, “prevent”and “discourage”. EU strategies are based on “prediction”, “prevention”, “protection” and“reaction”. The strategies aim to counteract push factors such as social exclusion. Accordingto Moghaddam's first step in the model, push factors affect pre-radicalization, which must beprevented on time.The first steps during a radicalization process are crucial for how the problem is to be solvedthrough different strategies. The EU's and Sweden's social-political approach is to promoteeducation, knowledge and critical thinking and offer young people support and security. Thehigher up an individual moves in the staircase model, the more difficult it becomes to applystrategies that work.

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