Sång, hälsa och välbefinnande - en litteraturöversikt om vad sång i grupp har för inverkan på personer med psykisk ohälsa

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper; Lunds universitet/Arbetsterapi och aktivitetsvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: Mental illness is a growing health problem. Creative activities, such as choir singing, have proved to give people a range of social, psychological and health-promoting benefits. There are literature reviews from other professions but there is a void in knowledge when it comes to occupational therapy perspective and occupational science. A qualitative literature review is relevant to establish today's research on group singing and its impact on people living with mental illness. Aim: The aim where to summarize the impact that singing in a group has on people living with mental illness from an occupational science perspective. Method: A literature review with 11 articles were analyzed with a deductive manifest analysis based on the ValMO-model. The analysis continued with an inductive manifest analysis where the coding led to themes. Results: The deductive analysis showed that the meaning unit ended up in all triads from ValMO except the micro-dimension. The inductive analysis produced 5 themes; Socially developing, Feeling seen and heard, Liberating experiences, Changed view of oneself and Improved mood and perceived health. Conclusion: The main results of the literature review show that people with mental illness, regardless of age, benefit greatly from participating in choir singing which increases wellbeing, balance in life and it also generally improves overall health. Choir singing leads people living with mental illness to get a feeling of hope and happiness and an improved perceived health. The ValMO-model worked as a code system for analyzing the activity of choir singing. Further studies are needed, where the use of choir singing as a clinical intervention is researched.

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