Amning av prematurfödda barn : En interventionsstudie om mammors tillit och vårdpersonals attityder

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning:

Background: Breastfeeding frequency decrease in Sweden and infants born preterm is a particularly vulnerable group to not be breastfed according to current recommendations. Mothers of preterm infants have an extra need of support from the health care system. Mothers' self-efficacy in breastfeeding affects the outcome of breastfeeding. Health professionals' attitudes to breastfeeding have an impact on the breast feeding support they provide to the mothers.Aim: To investigate whether an intervention could strengthen self-efficacy in breastfeeding among mothers of premature babies. A further aim was to investigate whether the intervention influenced health professionals' attitudes to breastfeeding.Method/Design: An experimental study with quantitative approach in the form of questionnaire survey was conducted. The selection consisted of 14 mothers who were divided into control group and intervention group, in the health professional group the selection was 20 respondents.Results: Health professionals ' attitudes to breastfeeding was significantly more positive after the intervention. Also two statements on the survey demonstrated significantly more positive attitudes to breastfeeding among health professionals. Regarding mothers' breastfeeding self-efficacy no significant difference was detected between the control group and the intervention group.Conclusion: An evidence based intervention influenced the health professionals´ attitudes to breastfeeding. Further research is needed to demonstrate the connection between the intervention and mothers´ self-efficacy to breastfeed premature babies.

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