"Varför byggs det hus i vår skog?" : En fallstudie om förtätningens effekter i en storstadsregion
Sammanfattning: The world's and Sweden's population continues to increase and there is a need to build more residences. To ensure that the Swedish environmental goal of a good built environment (God bebyggd miljö) is achieved, and the earth's scarce resources are managed, densification is considered by Boverket to be a good planning method wherein buildings are concentrated in those places which contain the best conditions. However, this means that previously unexploited green areas may need to be developed, which entails negative local consequences for ecological and social sustainability. It is additionally not uncommon for strong citizen dissatisfaction to arise when a municipality develops a green area, and some feel that the municipality does not communicate and include the citizens in a satisfactory manner. The Tumba skog project in Botkyrka municipality is a typical example of this phenomenon. During the planning process, many criticisms were received regarding shortcomings in the investigations and poorly executed planning, as well as a desire for more influence and better information. When examining this case, however, no significant flaws could be found in any part of the project, which illustrates the problems surrounding the realization of controversial planning projects, and the associated dissatisfaction that seems to inevitably arise.
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