Sexualitet efter en hjärtinfarkt- Behovet av information

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Högskolan i Halmstad/Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS); Högskolan i Halmstad/Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS); Högskolan i Halmstad/Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS)

Sammanfattning:

Sexuality contains more than just reproduction and is an important part of quality of life. Chronic disease can lead to sexual dysfunction for both males and females. The nurse plays an important role in informing and teaching. Throughout dialogue and observations the nurse can detect possible problems, document and then take measures. The study was performed as information retrieval of literature where the cause was to highlight sexuality for patients that have experienced a myocardial infarction. Their needs of information and what measures that exists to improve the information. The study consists of thirteen articles which were analyzed and the result was divided in different categories; males and females sexuality after a myocardial infarction, needs of information about sexuality connected to a myocardial infarction and what various measures to take. The result showed that females and males sexuality was affected both physically and mentally after a myocardial infarction. There were effects through reduced- frequency, satisfaction, lust, interest and sexual activity. Both sex showed concerns and/or fear. One of the reasons was that either themselves, or their partner, were afraid that intercourse would cause another myocardial infarction. The need of information was great, there were requests for adequate advice and of attuned information. It was obvious that when and how much of the information to receive was individual, and it became clear that existing means to disposal that could make nursing easier when it comes to inform and teach patients. An informative video and a heart rehabilitation program showed good results in the returning to sexual activity.

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